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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 4, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your
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growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." tension in the middle east and a message to president assad to as turkey authorizes military action inside syria. >> this is not a mandate to wage war. it is so we can't prepare new development and protect our interests there. we are not declaring war on syria. >> mitt romney relaunched -- why the republicans are claiming victory at last night's u.s. presidential debate.
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>> coat ♪ >> love them, we do. 50 years ago today, the beatles released their first ever single. we look at how it holds up. decker packwood cause >> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america to the problem. the turkish prime minister said today he had no intention of starting a war with syria. but the message is mixed and the tensions are high. the turkish parliament authorize military action against neighbor after syrian shells landed in the turkish town killing five civilians. >> lot this was not turkey's war, but the deaths of one family next to the syrian border
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have changed kuwait this country sees its neighbors conflicts. the government has called the strike from syria a final straw. left of the isn't family hoped. -- this is what is left of the family home. the families mother and children were sitting in the garden when the shell hit. >> we were eating and we heard the sound obama. the shrapnel fell, hit the wall and in the ground. we could have been killed. -- we heard the sound of the bomb. syria has apologized for the debts, but those of fear another accidental strike. >> we are scared to death. we don't know when another reporter is going to be fired. we are targets and we are really frightened by what is happening. >> this afternoon, the prime minister of turkey won approval from parliament for military operations inside syria. >> we just want peace and security in our region.
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this is what we care about. we have no intention to go to war. >> turkey is strong enough to protect its borders and no one should test that. >> to reinforce this point, the turkish military stations next to the border. some in this country are worried by where this may lead. tonight in a stumble, a crowd demonstrated against war. hacker -- tonight in istanbul, crowd demonstrated against the war. the conflict has already arrived. at night, we found deserted streets. many here have led their homes. turkey already plays a key role in syria's conflicts. this is a staging ground force corp. -- staging ground for syrian opposition level. this house has led turkey itself
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into the fighting. if that continues, it will change the nature of syria's 4. -- syria's war. >> that is exactly what everyone is worried about. turkey has been hit in a tax by syria since the uprising against president assad began, but yesterday's was the most serious and it doesn't threaten to destabilize the region. >> the border between syria and turkey is long, porous, and tense. flimsy barrier to a war on a stage set for this calculation and escalation. call this is the turkish town where this. shell killed five civilians. on the syrian side, the rebels control the border post which makes them a target. at the u.n. security council, the paralysis caused by the desire of france, britain and america, to remove the regime in
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russia and china cost support of it means a struggle to release a statement. >> this is a great concern. turkey is a core ally of the united states and this sort of cross border military activity is very destabilizing and must be stopped. >> syria takes seriously the vote in turkey and the vote authorizing military action. >> in cases of border incidents, that happened between any two neighboring countries, states and governments should act wisely, rationally and responsibly. >> but on syrian state tv, the incident with turkey was not mentioned. it called for a combination of rebel attacks. the russian foreign minister who says he does not want sutton regime change is watching president." assad tossed back, vital for the
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regime's survival. >> the conflict in syria took on a cross border damaged a long time ago. pick it is being pulled from the outside. >> all syria's neighbors are being drawn into the conflict whether they like it or not. the region has been divided between president assad supporters and those who stayed behind in the rubble. iran has denied a consistently that they supply them with money and troops. turkey shelters the rebels, maybe helping to train and arm the band and allows men and guns to cross the border. foreign intervention is already happening given the conflict and with no sign of a cease-fire, there is likely to be more. >> this whole incident is there are is it a longer the conflict goes on, the greater the danger to international peace and security. >> in jordan, like turkey, more and more assyrian refugees are arriving, reinforcing a sinking
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pealing in the region that the crisis is spreading. diplomacy has not stopped the war and now is struggling en to content. >> no one wants an escalation lease area, but might it happen anyway? turning to the presidential debate, it was seen for a make or break moment format romney as he struggled to connect with voters on the campaign trail at unpunished in recent opiniin polls. barack obama, polls suggested romney had come out on top. many commentators said he dominated the debate while obama lacked energy. we have this report. >> in a country is fraught with a bitter political divisions, and there is a rare moment of agreement. >> from mitt romney outshines president obama in the first date. >> the consensus of the american media -- mitt was the hit.
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president didn't seem to want to let go. he started with a standard campaign like -- is but it would cut taxes for the wealthy and hurt the middle-class. >> that kind of top down economics where folks the topper doing well in the average person making a $3 million is getting a $250,000 tax break while middle-class families are burden further, that is not what i believe is a recipe for economic growth. >> mitt romney was having a that. >> under the president's policies, middle income families had been buried. middle-income families have seen their income come down by $4,300. this is a tax in at del. i will call it the economy tax. >> commit romney, so often stiff and wooden seemed a different man. look at the gleam in his eyes as he talked directly to the opponent. the credit was measure but
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hardly fired up. they clashed on health care and why the president had not picked up a plan to cut the huge debt. >> the president should have grabbed it. he wanted to make adjustments to accommodate and go to congress. >> that is what we have done. we have made adjustments -- >> you have been president for years. you said you would cut the deficit in half. we still have trillion dollar deficit. less cbs as we will have a trillion dollar deficit in the next four years. >> president obama interrupted again -- think romney might win a and oscar but it was untethered from the truth. the president echoed the complaint. >> i met this very spirited fellow the claim to be a romney. how but it could not have been a robbery. because the real mitt romney has been a are a country for the last year promising 5 trillion dollars in tax cuts that favors the wealthy.
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the fellow is state last night said he didn't know anything about that. >> leaving denver, met romney can look pleased with himself. one day does not affect the way most people intend to vote, but it means the next string of opinion polls are important. if it narrows, it suggest romney is back in the gate. but if they do not, even after a victory, then he really is in the hole. >> how important was the first debate? i spoke to apolitical blotter and polling number cruncher and the author of a new book, "the signal and the noise, like some any predictions fail and cox some come true." history suggests debate don't make a huge difference when it comes to how american voters decide to cast ballots. the thing is one might have broken the mold cost our >> at
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the high end our debates that might move the numbers by three or four. toward the winner of the debate. obama had been ahead by four or five. in the polls. you could see a shift where we have a closer election. i would be a tiny bit surprised if romney pulled ahead based on this debate alone. but between that and something else -- we have jobs figures coming out on friday morning and two more debates and things that could develop. it put -- and put romney on a path where he has a comeback where is the opposite happen that he lost badly, then you might really eat at a october surprise for him to come back. >> there seems to be is some debate that this was the as debate america actually wanted. some people say it was too dry and some people they finally we have a serious discussion of economic policy. which one was? >> i think it was more substantive than some of the
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primary debates. the critique is and it's describing their plans and so forth, you can double up substance but not necessarily a substance containing an honest impression of what your card in arguments are. these are two guys who are very data-driven. i don't either of them is an ideologue, unnecessarily. i think you saw that come through a stage. >> you are somebody does predictions and numbers as this race changed how you see this -- did this debate change how easy this rates going? >> we had a obama as a pretty heavy favorite before, about 85%. i assume if there were bookies to set odds, they also had taught at 80% before the debate and cut them immediately to where there are 75%. my guess is that is a reasonable adjustment.
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but some debates or the instant reaction was one way -- >> we saw that last night on social media. >> i got home 10 or 15 minutes late and i missed the first moments of the debate, but you could tell how it had been decided that obama was not doing well and i don't think he did well. i'm not trying to make a country it. , but these things can blow up in a hurry but it also burned out and everywhere people are ready to go on to the next story. >> the first debate decided by twitter, a record thank you. some other news from around the world. a landslide in china as a primary school, carrying 18 people and killing nine. the government has located a hundred residents from the village where a glance at happens. rescuers are still working to free those trapped under the mud and rubble. spanish police arrested a 21-
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year-old man on suspicion of plotting to bomb the university. police officers say they made the rest after the suspect received more than 140 kilograms a bomb making materials. google and a number of u.s. publishers have agreed on a settlement and legal battle over copyright. google's library project seeks to digitize books and make them available to anyone, but publishers say that violates copyright. both parties agree publishers can remove their books from the project or choose to make them available. if facebook were a country, it would be the third biggest in the world. the social network just passed an important threshold -- are now 1 billion unless using it. we learned about this from our zuckerberg when he updated his status, but it doesn't change the fact that the company still faces a challenge turning this huge user base into an equally
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huge profit. our technology correspondent has more. >> it is the place ever more people gopi to share every detal of their lives and today's big event is that now has more and a billion users. >> there is no way would where getting starting with says that i would never thought that myself or any of the people brought it would be able to be part of the black this. it is incredible. >> the student idea turned into a giant global business. this office packed with sales staff and engineers sometimes used in conventional means to get around. facebook is a young company, keen to preserve a zany upstart image. but now life is getting that the series. it needs to go on conquering new territories and prove it can make more and moreoney per i omfrts growing audience. ome countries, it is hard to see t w rehehe growth will come.
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in the u.k., more thth href ale population is on. thf or n america, 45% use it. in africa, only 5% have signed up and in asia, only 7% of the population are users. in india, that is changing rapidly. people are typically generation becoming used to the social order. >> i am always online on facebook through my mobile. >> facebook has become an integral part of my lecture it is important as eating, drinking, and wearing clothes. >> but the shares launched in may that nearly half in value. investors are not so sure they're like facebook. >> many are now asking the question of what is the value of those people on the page at how frequently are they visiting the
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page? how often are they commenting come how big an advocate of the brand are they? >> today, facebook unveiled its first advert, recognition that the future, needs to get more business like. >> i never quite know what to do with my facebook page. castillo to come, -- still to come, we get to an alternative music festival in a very alternative location. rare earth metals all our the vital building blocks for many moderate project -- china has a monopoly is resigning as. and as an australian company is hoping to break that advantage by senate the refinery in malaysia. but a group of activists and
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local residents are against that move. we have this report from malaysia. kayaker from rainforest to refineries, but at what cost? too high, shop these activists. they are fighting plans to open an australian refinery for rare earth minerals pit nearby. gendarme the court is still blocking the project. the government says it has been thoroughly scrutinized and will be stay. hobbies as 17 elements are found in many places. p.j. get these 17 elements are found in many places but all are only refight in china, a messy, polluted prospect.
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the australian company line s hopes this, largest growers plant outside china will break that monopoly. -- largest rare earth plant outside china. could need up to one-third of a man outside china these essential minerals. the company says it has passed every test every environmental question put to it and it is making the case for two years, yet it has gained very little traction with a local population that simply does not trust the country or malaysian authorities are supposed to regulate it. >> did seems an unlikely place to hold an alternative music festival, but for the second year running, kabul is doing
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just that. our correspondent he took a look. ♪ >> and this isn't just an alternative music festival. there are deejays and a half people who cabanes and acts and not just from afghanistan but from pakistan and elsewhere. this is posted be a cultural festival. you have been here listening to the parents, what are they like less relaxed their like crazy and wild music. everyone was jumping on the stage because they are enthusiastic to hear the music. i felt a, really afghanistan now. everyone was shouting, welcoming the singers and everywhere is clapping hearing the music. ♪
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>> this is your baby. >> we have 78, including a couple of packs. >> is a cultural festival and alternative music. what are you trying to do. >> we are trying to show afghans that there is alternatives to bollywood and pop. afghans can come down and taste what everyone in the world has a record >> what about the international at? they did not make it here in the end. today shut them out a questionnaire >> it came down to funds. the bigger the act, the more expensive. they just had to pull out. so we go with the local and regional act, including bans from central asia and pakistan.
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>> one of the things this festival is doing is they promised it will be a part of a fourth and it will show afghanistan in a different light to the rest of the world. a lot of these bands and activities that have been happening during the festival will continue long after it has ended. >> from alternative music to one of the world's most famous melodies -- 50 years ago today, the beatles released their first single, "love me do." it's a moment that changed music forever. it was a simple salt was massive reverberation. love, love me to. you know i love you ♪ >> it launched the been the but the swing into the '60s and what a pop cultural revolution that
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spanned the globe. ♪ love me do. >> it might have never happened if it wasn't for this producer -- george market. he and others gave gunmen a chance. they came here to abbey wrote in latin for their audition. to the studios over there where they played george martin a collection of their songs, none of which impressed him very much. but he decided to give them a contract in july. but what about the individuals he met that you sought this is worth persevering with a bit? has to funny because one like music and i didn't. but the answer was their charisma. they were setting caging people. they made me laugh. >> and they were smart enough to listen to his advice. >> we thought about what you
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said about doubling the speed and let's hear it now and that played the "please please me." i said to them at the end of the possession in that you have your first number one and. >> it was fresh, energetic and march. the beatles had arrived and how. the form of mass hysteria quite as by the media as people mania. they started making films. -- betel mania. then only eight years after the release of "love me do" it was over. the band split up but the music has a around. >> who knows what the future holds for music and. but always paros from the past. everyone in music is bit of a beggar and if the. but everyone has begged than pete from the beatles. >> and to the gulf started with two chords, three words and asap
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for. >> still fabulous after all these years and what a great way to end. from all this year, thank you for watching and listening. see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding for this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our
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relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los aelng.
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